I have skipped over the book of Judges and the book of Ruth because there are no passages that make reference to the Holy Name. The time of Judges was about 400 years where the generation of Joshua, a Godly generation, passed and as time went on, the people grew away from God and His commandments. Increasing idolatry and immorality led to so much lawlessness, that the people were pleading in prayer for God to appoint a king over the land, rather than the judges who were often military leaders. Also Israel’s enemies, especially the Philistines, started to gain strength against the Hebrews.
After Israel was divided into regions for the twelve tribes of Israel, the Ark of the Covenant was moved to Shiloh for nearly 400 years where the 12 tribes of Israel offered prayer and sacrifices to the Lord. However, the Lord saw that His people were breaking covenant with Him. When they slipped and were seduced into the worship of false gods with concomitant breaking of the other commandments, things went from bad to worse. The Lord withdrew His protection and the suffering of the people increased, enemies took over and they suffered famine and hunger. The Philistines and other enemies were invading Israel for land, treasure and slaves. Philistine pillaging went as far as removing the Ark of the Covenant from Shiloh to take to their demon temple of dagon. The Philistines had the audacity to place the Ark next to the demon statue of dagon. 1 Samuel 5: 7-11 states: When the people of Ashod rose early the next morning, dagon was lying pone on the ground before the Ark of the LORD. So they picked dagon up and replaced him. But the next morning early, when they arose, dagon lay pone on the ground before the Ark of the LORD, his head and hands broken off and lying on the threshold, his trunk alone intact…Now the LORD dealt severely with the people of Ashod. He ravaged and afflicted the city and its vicinity with hemorrhoids (pestilential tumors, maybe the bubonic plague); He brought upon the city a great and deadly plague of mice that swarmed in the ships and overran their fields…The people cried, “Send away the Ark of the God of Israel. Let it return to its own place, that it may not kill us and our kindred.”
Usually God would tell a prophet to call the people back to repentance and if they did, the LORD would return His blessings of protection and abundance. Such a man was Samuel, an accredited prophet of Israel and a Judge. Samuel cried out to the Israelites, “If you wish with your whole heart to return to the LORD, put away your foreign gods … devote yourselves to the LORD, and worship Him alone. Then He will deliver you from the power of the Philistines.” 1 Samuel 12:20-23 “Do not fear,” Samuel answered the people. “It is true you have committed all this evil; still you must not turn from the LORD, but must worship Him with your whole heart. Do not turn to meaningless idols which can neither profit not save; they are nothing. For the sake of His own great Name the LORD will not abandon His people, since the LORD Himself chose to make you His people. As for me, far be it from me to sin against the LORD by ceasing to pray for you and to teach you the good and right way.”
Called by the LORD, Samuel established the monarchy in Israel that ushered in King Saul and eventually King David, the one who would crush the Philistines.