The next books are the books of Maccabees which tell of the time of history (about 100 BC) where the Greeks were occupying Judah (called Judea at that point). Greek culture had influenced Jewish worship of God to where many Jewish laws were being ignored and those that practiced them were persecuted. A group of pious Jews called the Maccabees revolted against the people in charge. After a series of many battles, the Jews overcame the Greeks. Then they reestablished worship in the temple. The Jewish festival of Hanukkah celebrates the re-dedication of the temple.
Judas Maccabees prays to God before a battle 1 Maccabees 4:33 “Strike them down by the sword of those who love You, that all who know Your Name may hymn Your praise.”
An enemy officer threatens to burn down the temple and the Jewish priests pray:
1 Maccabees 7: 37-38 “You have chosen this house to bear Your Name, to be a house of prayer and petition for Your people. Take revenge on this man and his army, and let him fall by the sword. Remember their blasphemies, and do not let them continue.”
2 Maccabees 8:1-4 Judas Maccabeus and his companions entered the villages secretly, summoned their kinsmen, and by also enlisting others who remained faithful to Judaism, assembled about six thousand men. They implored the LORD to look kindly upon His people, who were being oppressed on all sides; to have pity on the temple, which was profaned by godless men; to have mercy on the city, which was being destroyed and about to be leveled to the ground; to hearken to the blood that cried out to Him; to remember the criminal slaughter of innocent children and the blasphemies uttered against His Name; and to manifest His hatred of evil.
Nicanor was the head of the enemy army of 20,000. Nicanor planned to sell Jews they captured into slavery. Judas Maccabeus was the head of an army of 6,000. He prayed to God that these Jewish slaves would be freed before the two armies confronted each other.
2 Maccabees 8: 12-15 When Judas learned of Nicanor’s advance and informed his companions about the approach of the army, the cowardly and those who lacked faith in God’s justice deserted and got away. But the others sold everything they had left, and at the same time besought the LORD to deliver those whom the ungodly Nicanor had sold before even meeting them. They begged the LORD to do this, if not for their sake, at least for the sake of the covenants made with their forefathers, and because they themselves bore His holy, glorious Name.